Stepanov Nikolai

Moscow, Russia

Stepanov (Nikolai Alexandrovich, 1807 – 1877) – talented cartoonist, son of A.P. Stepanova. He graduated from the course at the Moscow University Boarding School. He wrote poems that did not differ in originality. In the thirties, Stepanov began compiling an extensive album with a number of extremely similar and well-defined cartoons by M.I. Glinka, F. Bulgarin, the brothers Kukolnikov, Dargomyzhsky and others (this album is kept in the Imperial Public Library). His cartoons were placed in Nefahovich’s Yeralash, in the Illustrated Almanac by Panayev and Nekrasov. In 1849 Stepanov together with Dargomyzhsky published the “Music Album” with caricatures. At the same time, he sculpted statuettes caricatures and busts, which were strikingly similar (statuettes of Bulgarin, Grech, Brandt, Kukolnik, Prince Odoevsky, Bryullov, DV Grigorovich and many others, busts of Suvorov, Lomonosov, Derzhavin, Griboyedov, Krylov, Glinka , Kontsky and others). With the onset of the reform era, Stepanov moves the caricature from the field of literature and art to the public and political spheres. The publisher of his political caricatures was Beggrov (three issues, 1855 – 1856). The main character in them was Napoleon III, followed by Lord Nalerston. The same Beggrov published his “Familiar” – a caricature album, in which other artists and writers who composed the text for caricatures, under the title “Leaf of Familiar”, took part. In 1858, Stepanov collaborated in Starchevsky’s Son of the Fatherland, and then for more than five years in Iskra Kurochkin, in which he was the second editor and creator. Placed in “Iskra” numerous caricatures of Stepanov represent a living chronicle of the society of the 1860s. In 1865, he began to publish the magazine “Alarm Clock”, but he still could not work and soon transferred the magazine to another person; Only in 1871 he again began to publish the “Alarm Clock” (until 1876). Although Stepanov had quite significant predecessors, but he was the first to make a caricature an essential element of our social life, and with his Iskra and Budilnik he provoked a whole series of caricature and humorous publications. – See S. Trubachev “Cartoonist Stepanov” (“Historical Herald”, 1891, No. 2 – 4).
Russian graphic-satirist.
The artistic editor of the Iskra magazine (1859-64) and the editor-publisher of Budilnik, in which he also placed his cartoons.
One of the pioneers of political journalism, as well as a sculptural cartoon in Russia. The most significant caricatures of S., distinguished by their democratic orientation, exposed the bureaucracy of the bureaucracy; for the best of them typical typical of social characteristics, the expressiveness of poses and gestures.
Among other works of S. – cartoons in the albums “Eralash”, “Modern jokes” (3rd century, 1856), “Familiar” (6th century, 1857-58). Lit: Varshavsky L., N. A. Stepanov, M., 1952.

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