Junceda Joan

Barcelona, Spain


Spanish cartoonist born in Barcelona. Spain, in 1881. Joan Garcia-Junceda (who signed simply Junceda) began to draw at an early age. His first cartoons appeared in 1902 in the newly created humor magazine Cu-Cut. His cartoons were radical and often controversial, and he was very sharply criticized for some that appeared in Cu-Cut and Papitu, another humor publication, to which he began contributing in 1908. (As a result of one Junceda cartoon in Papitu, the political party La Lliga Catalana decided to withdraw its financial support from the magazine.) Junceda also contributed cartoons to L’Estevet, La Tralla, En Patufet, Paginas Viscudes and other, lesser-known publications. In view of his radical leanings, his 30-year association with En Patufet (1904-38), a magazine closely tied to the conservative party, can only be explained by his close friendship with the manager, Folch i Torres. In the 1930s Junceda illustrated a great number of children’s stories and is recognized internationally for his work in children’s books.

Junceda’s career went into eclipse with the coming to power of Generalissimo Franco, and he died at his country homo in Blanes, near Barcelona, in 1948. Because of his radical political positions, evaluations of his cartoon work are often prejudiced, and his long association with En Patufet leaves him open to charges of hypocrisy. Objectively, however, his clear and subtly critical drawings mark him as an important cartoonist. Junceda’s style was personal and often poetic, very much in the Catalan tradition of Josep Lluis Pellicer and Apel·les Mestres.

the World Encyclopedia of Cartoons 1981

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