Was born in 1948.
The first publication in 1985 In “MK”
Until 1987 he worked as an artist-designer.
Total publications in major publications are about 5 thousand. I did not take part in competitions.
Since 1987, Parallel began to engage in business – development, production and sale of souvenirs, design. The private enterprise “ExpoService” was registered. The following were added to the list: construction and publishing (since 1990): About 30 humorous collections with circulations from 50 to 150 thousand were issued. Since 1992 – magazines “Around-Laugh”, “Russian caricature”, etc. as well as a number of commercial publications. Several years led humorous stripes in the major editions of Trud-7 and Tribuna.