Graphic, illustrator, Poster artist, cartoonist
1898 — 1976
Born in Elizavetgrad on March 17, 1898.
From 1921 to 1924 studied at the workers’ school at the Higher Art School in Moscow.
From 1924 hedrew for the magazines “Pechatnik”, “The Atheist at the Machine”, “Projector”.
In 1924 – 1930 studied at the Higher Art and Technical Institute in Moscow from the professors D. Moore, N. Kupreyanov, V. Favorsky.
In 1924 – 1930 a member of the AHR.
From 1930 worked as a poster artist; organized a brigade of poster artists “2nd Workshop Polygraph”.
Since 1936 had been the regular artist of the magazine “Crocodile”.
One of the greatest masters of satirical graphics.
In 1945 received the title “The Honored Artist of the RSFSR”.
In 1962 became Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Arts.
In 1966 — People’s Artist of the RSFSR.
In 1973 People’s Artist of the USSR, Full member of the USSR Academy of Arts.
Died in Moscow in 1976.
Author of illustrations to the famous children’s books “The golden key” by A.N. Tolstoy (the Soviet version of “The Adventures of Pinocchio”), “Moidodyr” by K.I. Chukovskiy; also to the novels by M.E. Saltykov-Schedrin, N.V. Gogol, V.V. Mayakovskiy. In 1937 invented the cartoon character Murzilka — a fluffy yellow creature wearing a red beret, scarf and a photo camera over his shoulder. Murzilka became the face of a new children’s magazine with the same name.