Cartoonist, draftsman and lithographer
He was born on January 13, 1804 in Paris.
Gavarni lived in a poor family and worked in a factory. At the same time I studied at the free art school.
He was noticed by Emil Girardin, began to be published in his weekly “Maud”, was also published in “Sharivari”, “Artist”, “Illustrated” and other popular press of the era.
Illustrated the novels of Balzac and Eugene Sue, novels of Hoffmann.
Together with Granville he participated in the collective collections of satirical stories and essays “The Devil in Paris”, published by Pierre-Jules Etzel and where Balzac, George Sand, and Charles Nodier were published.
One of the favorite themes of the graphics of Gavarni is the Parisian carnivals and, among others, the girls in the suit of the deburrer (longshoreman) – a sleeveless sleeveless vest with tight necklines and tight pantaloons (outside the carnival, a woman in France, who wanted to appear in public in trousers, permission of the police).
Gavarni published an engraving album titled (1848), “The Girl in the Debarger” is depicted on the pedestal of his monument, erected in Paris on the Saint-Georges Square (IX district).
In 1847 – 1851 he worked in the UK.
In the last years of his life he almost abandoned drawing, became interested in scientific discoveries, was carried away by aeronautics.
The first monograph on the artist belongs to the brothers Goncourt, who were friends with him (1873, reprinted 1925, 1986).