Chizhikov Viktor

Moscow, Russia

26.09.1935 - 20.07.2020

Рainter, cartoonist.

  • The author of the image of Misha the bear, the mascot of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.
  • People’s Artist of the Russian Federation (2016).

He was born on September 26, 1935 in Moscow in a family of employees. At the age of 4, he moved from Moscow, during the evacuation, to the village of Krestovo-Gorodishche and studied at a rural school for three years (from August 1941 to April 1944)[2]. In 1953 he graduated from Moscow Secondary School No. 103. In 1952 he began working for the newspaper “Housing Worker”, where he received his first experience as a cartoonist. In 1953-1958 he studied at the Moscow Polygraphic Institute at the art department. It is known that his best friend was Nikolai Borisov.

Since 1955 he worked in the magazine “Crocodile”, since 1956 — in the magazine “Funny pictures”, since 1958 — in the magazine “Murzilka”, since 1959 — in the magazine “Around the world”. He also worked in “Evening Moscow”, “Pionerskaya Pravda”, “Young Naturalist”, “Young Guard”, “Ogonka”, “Pioneer”, “Week” and other periodicals.

Since 1960 he has illustrated books in the publishing houses “Malysh”, “Children’s Literature”, “Fiction” and others.

He was a member of the Union of Journalists of the RSFSR (1960-2020), a member of the Union of Artists of the RSFSR (1968-2020), a member of the editorial board of the magazine “Murzilka” (1965-2020). He was chairman of the jury of the children’s drawing contest “Tick-Tock”, held by the Mir TV company (1994-2020), as well as chairman of the Council for Children’s Books of Russia (2009-2020).

The artist’s works are in the collection of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts.

For many years he suffered from color blindness, but despite this, he created the mascot of the 1980 Olympics in Moscow – the Olympic Bear.

He died on July 20, 2020 in Moscow. He was buried on July 23 at Vostryakovsky cemetery.

Copyright for the mascot of the Olympic Games in Moscow:

In 2010, he sued the NTV television company on the issue of copyright ownership of the Olympic bear Misha.

The courts concluded that Chizhikov had developed a two-dimensional sketch of an Olympic bear cub. Based on Chizhikov’s sketch, variants of the interpretation of the 1980 Olympics mascot were developed: contour, silhouette (artist V. Stupin), by sports (artist E. Migunov); as well as its solution in volume (artist V. Ropov). Due to the fact that the “three-dimensional” bear has a three-dimensional belt with Olympic rings, a modified design due to the volume, the image of the bear from the back, the courts considered that this work, created by processing the plaintiff’s work, is independent. By virtue of Article 492 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR of 1964, which was applied in 1980, the copyright for this work is owned by the person who processed it.

The decision of the Presnensky District Court of Moscow, left unchanged by the ruling of the judicial board for civil cases of the Moscow City Court, refused to satisfy the stated requirements.

 

Awards and titles:

  • Order of the Badge of Honor (November 14, 1980) — for great work in the preparation and holding of the Games of the XXII Olympiad.
  • People’s Artist of the Russian Federation (May 14, 2016) — for great merits in the development of national culture and art, mass media and many years of fruitful activity.
  • Honored Artist of the RSFSR (September 14, 1981) — for merits in the field of Soviet fine art
  • Diploma of the I All-Russian Exhibition of Children’s Books and Book Graphics, (1965).
  • Diploma of the III degree of the All-Union competition “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to the book by L. Geraskina “In the land of unlearned lessons”, publishing house “Soviet Russia” (1966).
  • Diploma of the I degree of the All-Russian and II degree of the All-Union competitions “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to G. Tsyferov’s book “Fairy Tales”, publishing house “Kid”, 1969. Prize of the magazine “Crocodile” for the best drawing of the year (1970).
  • Diploma of the II degree of the All-Union competition “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to the book by L. Yakhnin “The Square of cardboard clocks”, publishing house “Kid” (1971). Diploma of the II All-Russian Exhibition of Children’s Books and Book Graphics (1971).
  • Diploma of the I degree of the reporting exhibition of the Union of Journalists of the USSR (1975).
  • Diploma of the International Exhibition of Cartoons in Skopje (Yugoslavia).
  • Diploma and commemorative medal of the International Exhibition of Cartoons in Gabrovo (1977).
  • Diploma of the I degree of the All—Russian and II degree of the All-Union competitions “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to the book by K. Chukovsky “Doctor Aibolit”. – M.: Malysh, 1977.
  • Diploma of the Academy of Arts of the USSR, Bronze medal, prize of the Czechoslovak magazine “Rogach”for the drawing “To be or not to be?” at the International exhibition “Satire in the Struggle for Peace”, Moscow, 1977. First Prize at the book exhibition of the Joint Committee of Graphic Artists, Moscow (1977).
  • Diploma of the II degree of the All-Russian and All-Union competitions “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to D. Bisset’s book “The Forgotten Birthday”, publishing house “Children’s Literature” (1978).
  • Order “Golden Children’s Sun” of the German magazine “Bummi” (1979).
  • Honorary Diploma named after H. K. Andersen (1980).
  • Honorary Badge of the Olympic Committee and Diploma of the Academy of Arts of the USSR for creating the image of the mascot of the Moscow Olympic Games — bear Misha (1980).
  • Honorary Diploma of the Children’s Book Council of Russia (1997).
  • Winner of the All-Russian competition “The Art of the Book” (1989, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1997).
  • Second prize and medal at the International Cartoon Contest “Hurrah! Culture”, Moscow, (1990).
  • Diploma of the I degree of the All-Russian competition “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to the book by V. Chizhikov “Petya and Potap”, publishing house “Angstrom” (1993).
  • Diploma of the II All-Russian competition “The Art of the Book” for illustrations to the book by E. Uspensky “Uncle Fedor, the dog and the cat”, publishing house “Zebra” (1993).
  • Winner of the readers’ Choice contest “Golden Key” (1996).
  • Winner of the annual professional award for the highest achievements in the genre of satire and humor “Golden Ostap” (1997).
  • Honorary Diploma of the Children’s Book Council of Russia (1997).
  • L. N. Tolstoy Prize, Moscow (2002).
  • Golden Cyclops Award in the nomination “Children’s Magazine” — cover of the Year, Moscow, Murzilka magazine (2003).
  • Silver Medal of the Russian Academy of Arts for a series of cartoons “Faces of Friends”, Moscow (2003).
  • Winner of the Book of the Year contest in the nomination “Together with the book we grow” XVIII Moscow International Book Fair (2005).
  • Gratitude of the Ministry of Culture and Mass Communications of Russia (2007).

Source: Wikipedia, 2010

 

 

 


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