Макферсон Дункан / Macpherson Duncan

Родился 20-го сентября 1924-го года в Торонто, Онтарио. Дункан начал рисовать эскизы ещё юношей. Начал обучение искусству в Англии будучи в Королевских Канадских  Воздушных Силах во время Второй Мировой Войны. После освобождения от службы в 1946-м Макферсон был зачислен в Школу Бостонского Музея Искусства и заканчивая её в 1948-м прошёл двух-летний курс Колледжа Искусств Онтарио.


Позже около десяти лет он работал фриланс-артистом. Его работы появлялись в различных изданиях от Cristian Science Monitor до каталогов доставки почтой Eaton. Также иллюстрировал некоторые серии Montreal Standard и Maclean´s. В 1958-м Макферсон присоединился к Toronto Star. После этого его карикатуры печатались в многочисленных канадских газетах и в сотнях газет по всему миру.


С 1959-го он выиграл Национальную Газетную Премию шесть раз. Его работа также была награждена Медалью Канадской Королевской Академии за выдающуюся работу в изобразительном искусстве и в 1971-м Премией Молсана от Канадского Консула за содействие канадскому искусству. Каждый год коллекции его карикатур публиковались с 1961-го года. Кроме того Макферсон иллюстрировал некоторые книги, включая его личную MacPherson´s Canada. Его рисунки выставлялись от галерей искусств до кампусов университетов.


Своими произведениями Макферсон даёт удивительные комментарии на события и индивидуальности. Его карикатуры показывают слабости и недостатки в манере, которую каждый может понять и оценить.



He was born in Toronto, Ontario, on September 20. 1924. Duncan Macpherson began sketching as a youth. While in the Royal Canadian Air Force in England during World War II, he started art training. On release from service in 1946. he enrolled at Boston Museum School of Art, and on graduation in 1948 he took a two-year course at Ontario College of Art. Macpherson then freelanced for about ten years. I his work appeared in a variety of publications ranging from the Christian Sci­ence Monitor to Eaton’s mail order catalogues. He illus­trated several series in tho Montreal Standard and Mac­lean’s.


In 1958 Macpherson Joined the Toronto Star on the urging of editor Pierre Berton. From there his cartoons have been printed in numerous other Canadian papers and over a hundred different newspapers around the world. Since 1959 he has won the National Newspaper Award six times. His work has also been honored with a 1966 Royal Canadian Academy Medal for distinguished work in the visual arts and the 1971 Molson Prize from the Canada Council for contributing to the arts in Canada. Yearly collections of his editorial cartoons have been published since 1961. He has illustrated several books, including one of his own titled Macphcrson’s Canada.


Macpherson is almost universally recognized as the foremost editorial cartoonist in Canada. His illustrative skills are given a large space at the top of the Star’s editorial page. In preparation for drawing, Мacpherson makes extensive research use of tho library and fills his cartoons with props and costumes when needed. Маnу times his knowledge of magic tricks and circuses has been put to use in his cartoons. His detailed drawings have been exhibited in various places, from art galleries to university campuses. Edmund Wilson, writing in the New Yorker, compared Macpherson to James Cillray and stated that his cartoons “may be fascinating quite inde­pendently of our interest or knowledge of the happen­ings they commemorate. Macpherson is a Gillray re­duced in scale, a more scaring and grotesque Lewis Car­roll.


With his artwork. Macpherson provides a remarkable commentary on events and individuals. His cartoons reveal weakness and flaws in ways almost everyone can understand and appreciate. His typical Canadian is a tattered, chinless fellow who is usually in some pathetic and humorous situation. John Diefenbaker, prime minis­ter when Macpherson started at the Star, said, “He is a great cartoonist with an infinite capacity to get to the heart of things. I like a cartoon that is devastating with­out wounding.”


Macpherson isn’t known deeply by many of his col­leagues. He has been seen both as a rough character and as compassionate beyond measure. He is about six feet two and weighs about two hundred thirty pounds. One friend characterizes him as a combination of Mary Poppins. Mark Twain and Attila the Hun.


the World Encyclopedia of Cartoons 1981


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