Henry-Bonaventure Monnier

Paris, France

07.06.1799 - 03.01.1877

Сaricaturist, playwright and actor

Henry-Bonaventure Monnier (7 June 1799 in Paris – 3 January 1877)
After studying at the Lycée Bonaparte, he frequented the workshops of Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson and Antoine-Jean Gros. He installed himself in London in 1822 and returned to France 5 years later. His meetings with Alexandre Dumas, Théophile Gautier, Stendhal, Eugène Sue, Prosper Mérimée, Eugène Scribe, Eugène Delacroix, Louis Boulanger and Honoré de Balzac opened doors to him.

Between 1827 and 1832, he produced several albums of lithographs, satirising the mores and physiognomies of his contemporaries and of the “grisettes” (or louche young men) in his office. He created the character Monsieur Prudhomme, of whom Balzac said was the “illustration of the type of the Parisian middle-class” and who inspired the poem of that title in Paul Verlaine’s Poèmes saturniens.
On 21 May 1834, Monnier married Caroline Péguchet (known as Caroline Linsel, an actress at the Théâtre de la Monnaie) in Brussels.
From the 1850s onwards, he essentially devoted himself to writing and theatre.

Collections of drawings and caricatures

Scènes populaires dessinées à la plume, 2 vol. (1830)
Physiologie du bourgeois (1841)
Scènes de la ville et de la campagne (1841)
Les Bourgeois de Paris, scènes comiques (1854)
Mémoires de Monsieur Joseph Prudhomme, 2 vol. (1857)
Les Petites Gens (1857)
Scènes parisiennes (1857)
Galerie d’originaux (1858)
Les Bas-fonds de la société (1862)

Theatre

Les Mendiants (1829)
La Famille improvisée (1831)
Un enfant du peuple (1846)
La Chasse au succès (1849)
Les Compatriotes (1849)
Grandeur et décadence de M. Joseph Prudhomme (1852)
Le Roman chez la portière (1855)
Les Métamorphoses de Chamoiseau (1856)
Peintres et bourgeois (1855)
Comédies bourgeoises (1858)
Cendrillon ou la Pantoufle merveilleuse (1879)

Bibliography

Jules Champfleury, Henry Monnier Sa vie Son œuvre, E Dentu éditeur, Paris 1879
ROLLET (Cyrille), Henry Monnier histoire d’un pitre ? quelques copeaux biographiques, mémoire de M2 histoire, sous la direction de Christophe Charle, Université Paris 1, 2008.
ROLLET (Cyrille), Figurez-vous Henry Monnier…, mémoire de M2 histoire de l’art, sous la direction de Ségolène Le Men, Université Paris 10, 2006.
Jane Roberts Fine Arts, Paris, Henry Monnier 1799-1877, A Private Collection, exhibition catalogue, 2 volumes, November–December 2013

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Monnier


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