Ellis Fred / Эллис Фред

05.06.1886 – 10.06.1965 гг.
График, карикатурист
Родился 5 июня 1886 г. в Чикаго.
С 1924 г. член компартии США. 
Учился в художественной школе в Чикаго (1905 г.), 
С 1927 г. главный художник «Дейли уоркер». 
С 1930 г. по 1936 г. работал в СССР для газет «Правда» и «Труд». 
В ясных, широких и живописных по манере рисунках, нашли страстное и лаконичное выражение темы обличения капитализма, призыв к борьбе рабочего класса, гневное осуждение фашизма.
Fred Ellis (1885-1965) was an American political/editorial cartoonist. Born in Chicago, he attended Chicago Normal School and Colonel Francis Parker’s Progressive School. In his teens he worked in Frank Lloyd Wright’s office and later in an engraving shop. His only formal art training was one three-month course in 1905 and a correspondence course in cartooning, but by 1919 his art had appeared in numerous publications. 
Ellis was part of the American radical movement of the 1930s-1950s; he trained with Robert Minor and shared Minor’s interest in the plight of the working man. In 1922 Ellis joined the Communist Party and a referral from Minor got him a job as cartoonist for the Daily Worker in New York. He left in 1930 to work in Berlin and Moscow, drawing cartoons for Pravda, Izvestia, the Moscow Daily News, and other newspapers, and illustrating books for Soviet publishing houses. He returned to New York in 1936 and again became a regular contributor the Daily Worker as well as appearing in magazines such as Ken, Fortune, New Masses, and various trade union periodicals. He taught for several years at the American Artists School, a progressive independent art school directed by Harry Gottlieb. His associates there included prominent American radical artists such as William Gropper, Art Young, John Groth, Margaret Bourke-White, Rockwell Kent, Carl Zigrosser, and Louis Slobodkin 
Ellis’ cartoons spoke to many important issues of the day, both international (World War II, appeasement, the atomic bomb, the Korean War, Nazi war crimes, Communism) and those close to the heart of the American working-class family (unions, low wages, worker safety, Social Security, political corruption, racism). His work has been exhibited in museums and art galleries in America and Russia, and in 1953 he was represented in the great exhibition in Copenhagen of “Artists of the World in the Service of Progress.” 
Ellis retired in 1955. When he died in 1965, long-time friend Harry Freeman wrote: “Ellis was as American as the sprawling city of Chicago in which he was born. But his powerful drawings touched the hearts of peoples in all continents. In them there is a deep understanding of the human condition, compassion for the sufferings of man, hatred for cruelty and injustice, and abiding faith that a better world can be made.” 

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